Are Water Hyacinths Good for Koi Ponds?
Koi ponds are one of those beautiful additions to any garden, but they are also notoriously finicky fish. How can one keep a koi pond healthy with plants? More importantly, are some plants really as good for koi ponds as the claims say?
Are water hyacinths good for koi ponds? Yes, water hyacinths are good for koi ponds and, in fact, are the highest-ranked plant for helping to maintain a healthy koi pond.
The reasons that water hyacinths are good for your garden are numerous, but let’s take a look at the main ones.
Reasons Water Hyacinths Are A Good Choice
For any water garden, water hyacinths add beauty and cleanliness, a factor that is especially important in koi pond health maintenance. Here are the reasons to add water hyacinths to your koi pond:
#1: Balanced Ecosystem
Water hyacinths have a long, LONG root system of up to ten inches with thousands and thousands of root hairs on each root.
These large, complex root systems create a landing area for bacteria, which makes water hyacinths a strong competitor for algae. This contributes to cleaner water and an overall more balanced pond ecosystem.
Another reason water hyacinths are good for algae competition is that they, like many other water plants, clean the water of nitrates and fertilizers, both of which invite an overgrowth of algae.
Furthermore, the water hyacinths, like any plant addition, help increase the oxygen levels in the water, leading to healthier koi fish.
#2: Simple to Plant
Unlike some other water plants, water hyacinths can literally just be dropped onto the surface of the water.
They don’t require any special treatment and are not high maintenance in any way.
#3: Simple to Remove
Likewise, water hyacinths are easy to remove IF they do start to become a bit overgrown and are taking over your beautiful koi pond and water garden.
You might think that the long root system would make water hyacinths difficult to remove, but in reality, all you need is a pond net and good balance, so you don’t fall in.
As with any fish pond, particularly a shallow one, coverage is important for two reasons:
- Cooling: The shade created helps keep the water cooler for temperature-sensitive fish.
- Protection: Likewise, that same shade provides hiding places from would-be koi thieves or predators.
Because they do tend to grow out, and quickly too, water hyacinths are a good choice for providing coverage for your koi.
The reasons listed above are all of a more practical nature, but water hyacinths also add an element that is likely important to you for your koi pond and overall garden: looks.
Water hyacinths may be incredibly practical, but they don’t look practical; they level up the beauty of your koi pond, allowing your viewers to be pleasantly surprised by koi peeking out from under the shade of the flowers.
While koi can obviously use the water hyacinths for shade, other animals can use it for shelter, like snails, frogs, and insects that help create a more complex ecosystem.
Water hyacinths also attract pollinators like hummingbirds, which is not only healthy for the overall environment but also adds another aspect of beauty to your koi pond.
Of course, water hyacinths don’t only have benefits; there are some downsides to consider as well. Read on to find out more!
Water Hyacinths: Problems and Solutions
Water hyacinths have many benefits, as listed above, but there are a few negatives as well:
The Problem: Nibbling
Koi do tend to like to nibble on the plants you have, which is why some people choose to have a “plant shelf” on which they plant non-floating plants the koi can’t get to.
The downside to a plant shelf is that the plants don’t provide coverage to the koi, and the shelf also provides a starting spot for predators like raccoons.
The Solution: Replacement or Nets
Your koi fish may start nibbling on the water hyacinths, but you can always use one of the two options described here.
- Water Hyacinth Replacement – Keep a few water hyacinths in a tub of water away from the koi, and replace the koi pond plants as needed. Water hyacinths breed VERY quickly, so this isn’t an issue.
- Nets – You can create a net of sorts for your water hyacinths by using a hula hoop with a net suspended under it that surrounds the root system, although this does cut down on the aesthetic look of the pond.
On another note, the koi’s nibbling habit may not be all bad. Since water hyacinths reproduce rapidly–sometimes too rapidly, as explained next–the koi could help inhibit its overgrowth in the pond.
The Problem: Invasiveness
Water hyacinths do have a tendency to become a somewhat invasive species, which is why some states actually have complete or partial bans on them.
These states currently have a ban on cultivating water hyacinths: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, and Louisiana.
Most of these states have major waterways that have been clogged up with water hyacinths in the past, and, like most invasive species, they are difficult to get rid of once they’ve spread.
This issue can obviously make your life difficult if you’re trying to cultivate plants that both help filter water and provide coverage, but all is not lost. There are preventative measures you can take to avoid a potential fine or even closure of your pond.
The Solution: Be Responsible
The way to ensure that your city or town–or state for that matter–doesn’t throw you in jail for plant cultivation (highly unlikely) is to be responsible with your hyacinth cultivation by following the steps below.
- Follow your area’s rules regarding plant cultivation.
- If your pond has a drainage system, make sure that it isn’t draining into a public waterway.
- If the pond does drain into a major waterway, you may want to consider a different plant, so the entire waterway doesn’t develop a water hyacinth infestation.
In a situation involving a potentially invasive plant, you want to cause as little stress as possible to your city or town, so that they can just come and admire your koi.
Now that you know that water hyacinths are good for your koi pond and the potential issues along with them, is there a difference in the region?
Water Hyacinths: Perennial vs. Annual
Many people think that plants are either perennial or annual, but not so with water hyacinths.
In the colder regions of the U.S., water hyacinths are an annual plant, meaning that they don’t survive the winter, and you will need to purchase or grow new ones each year.
To be fair, water hyacinths are only about $3.99 a plant on average and can be found for cheaper, so it’s not an incredibly expensive investment to make each season.
However, in the warmer regions, these useful plants are perennials, which makes them more of a wise investment.
Regardless, water hyacinths are a great addition to any water garden, and especially to your koi pond.
A Useful Addition
All in all, water hyacinths are a major bonus for your koi. They provide protection, cleaner water, shade, and help to create a more complex ecosystem.
The few problems that come with water hyacinths can typically be easily resolved, enabling you to sit back and enjoy your koi pond.
Try out the water hyacinths for your koi, and see how they react! Do you prefer another water plant over the water hyacinths? Why? Let us know!